Yet, it remains a horrible basis for successful state-building.

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the early 1990s was the worst conflict in Europe since 1945. More than 100,000 people died and two million were displaced, alongside the mass rape of Bosniak women, prison camps, genocide of Bosnian Muslims and a not-so-fair peace treaty.

The indecisiveness of the United Nations and NATO over the nature of the war and lack of common vision between the European Union and the United States prolonged the bloodshed.

Read more: